Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was the second of three children born to Charles Altamont Doyle, a civil surgeon, and Mary Doyle (née Foley). From an early age, Doyle showed a talent for writing and was encouraged by his mother to pursue a career in writing. He was educated at Jesuit boarding schools and later attended Edinburgh University, where he studied medicine.
In 1885, Doyle published his first novel, A Study in Scarlet, which introduced the world to the iconic character Sherlock Holmes. Holmes would go on to become one of the most popular fictional characters of all time and Doyle would become known as the “father of the modern mystery.” Doyle wrote extensively about Holmes and the adventures of the “world’s only consulting detective” and penned a total of four novels and fifty-six short stories about the character.
In addition to his work with Sherlock Holmes, Doyle was also a prolific writer of historical fiction, including The White Company (1891), The Great Boer War (1900), and The Lost World (1912). He also wrote a number of non-fiction books, including The Coming of the Fairies (1922), which was later used as evidence in a lawsuit that attempted to prove the existence of fairies.
Doyle was a staunch advocate of spiritualism and believed in the existence of ghosts and other supernatural phenomena. He was a member of the Society for Psychical Research and wrote a number of books on the topic of spiritualism, including The History of Spiritualism (1926) and The Reality of Spiritualism (1927).
Doyle was knighted in 1902 for his services to literature and died of heart failure on July 7, 1930, at the age of 71. He is buried in the cemetery at Minstead in Hampshire, England.
Throughout his life, Doyle was a prolific writer and produced a wide variety of work, including novels, short stories, historical fiction, non-fiction, and spiritualism. He is best known for his work with Sherlock Holmes, but his body of work is diverse and accomplished. He was a talented writer and a passionate advocate for spiritualism and his work has been enjoyed by readers for over a century.